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Shadmehr Mirdar Harijani

Shadmehr Mirdar Harijani

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences
Address: Professor of Exercise Physiology, Dep. of Exercise physiology, Faculty of sports Sciences, University of Mazandaran P.O.Box 47415-388 Babolsar,Mazandaran Province, IRAN Tel: +98 +111+35302201 & 35302254 Fax: +98+ 111+35302201
Phone: 01135302254

Research

Title
Silymarin protects the structure of kidney in the neonatal rats exposed to maternal cadmium toxicity: A stereological study
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Cadmium Kidney Rat Silymarin Stereology
Year
2020
Journal Veterinary Research Forum
DOI
Researchers Gholamreza Hamidian ، Shadmehr Mirdar Harijani ، Pourya Raee ، Kiyana Asghari ، Maryam Jarrahi

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of silymarin on maternal cadmium toxicity complications in the kidney of neonatal rats. Forty adults Wistar female rats were selected and placed with male rats for copulation. The pregnant animals were randomly divided into five groups (n = 8) including control, sham, silymarin, cadmium, and silymarin + cadmium. The animals received 400 mg L-1 cadmium and 100 mg kg-1 silymarin (subcutaneously, three days per week, three weeks). Two-day neonates were dissected and their right kidneys were fixed in 10.00% buffered formalin solution and processed by standard paraffin embedding. Tissue sections were stained by hematoxylin and eosin and analyzed histologically and stereologically. The data were statistically analyzed by SPSS using a one-way ANOVA test and Tukey's post-hoc. The results showed that silymarin significantly increased the neonatal rats' weight compared to the control group. Cadmium significantly decreased the weight of neonatal rats' kidneys. The results of histological studies indicated that cadmium caused subacute glomerulosclerosis, severe damage to urinary tubules such as tubular necrosis, and severe hyperemia in the medulla, but silymarin could preserve these complications. Stereological results revealed that cadmium decreased the total volume of kidney, medulla, and proximal and distal tubules and increased interstitial tissue and indicated the protective effects of silymarin on maternal cadmium toxicity complications in the kidney tissue of neonatal rats. It can be concluded that the administration of silymarin during pregnancy may be used as a useful and effective way of protecting the maternal cadmium toxicity complications in the kidney tissue of neonatal rats.