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Mahdi Nabavinik

Mahdi Nabavinik

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences
Address: University of Mazandaran
Phone: 011-35302201

Research

Title
Relationship between Kinesiophobia and Vertical Ground Reaction Force in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructed and Deficient Patients during Landing Task
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Knee joint Anterior cruciate ligament Biopsychological model Fear of movement Cognitive training
Year
2021
Journal journal of rehabilitation sciences and research
DOI
Researchers komeil dashti rostami ، Mahdi Nabavinik ، Aynollah Naderi

Abstract

Background: The effect of kinesiophobia (fear of movement) following an anterior cruciate ligament injury (ACL) has recently received great attention. However, the relationship between kinesiophobia and peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) in ACL reconstructed (ACLR) and deficient (ACLD) individuals has not been investigated. Methods: Forty male patients (20 ACLR and 20 ACLD), 24 months post-ACL injury, who had completed post-injury/operative rehabilitation, participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed a drop vertical landing task on force plate while the VGRF was recorded. Participants also completed the TSK-11 (kinesiophobia) questionnaire. Results: Associations between peak VGRF and the TSK scale were made with Pearson correlation coefficients; significant relationships were defined as p≤0.05. The average peak VGRF was 2.67±0.28 and 2.68±0.17 (mean±SD) %bodyweight and the TSK value was 33.45±4.6 and 31.60±3.40 (mean±SD) for ACLD and ACLR groups, respectively. There was a significant negative association between poorer responses on the TSK scale and peak VGRF in the ACLD group (r=-0.58, P=0.007) but not in the ACLR group (r=-0.31, P=0.17). Conclusion: This study found greater kinesiophobia to be associated with a lower peak VGRF in the ACLD group during the landing task. It seems that ACLD individuals unload their injured limb because of fear of movement. These results suggest that in ACLD individuals with high kinesiophobia, cognitive training should be incorporated into their rehabilitation program to improve landing mechanics. Future studies are needed to assess whether these relationships play a role in developing osteoarthritis over time.