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Jamal Ghasemi

Jamal Ghasemi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Technology and Engineering
Address:
Phone: 01135302902

Research

Title
Brain MRI segmentation by combining different MRI modalities using Dempster–Shafer theory
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
uncertainty handling; image segmentation; biomedical MRI; medical image processing; fuzzy set theory; brain; sensor fusion
Year
2018
Journal IET Image Processing
DOI
Researchers Fatane Tavakoli ، Jamal Ghasemi

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs) have different modalities, including T1- and T2-weighted, PD (proton density), and Flair images. Brain MRI segmentation is a challenge when coping with artefacts such as intensity non-uniformity, partial volume effects, and noise. As artefacts change the intensity of different part of MRI modalities, describing the intensity of these modalities is highly uncertain. Here, it is proposed that the Dempster–Shafer theory and fuzzy clustering can be combined for brain MRI segmentation because of their robustness. The purpose of this research is to offer a technique based on data fusion of different modalities to segment brain MRIs. T1, T2, PD, and Flair were employed in this study. Fuzzy clustering and specific mapping were used to form the Dempster–Shafer belief structure. In order to evaluate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm, several simulations were performed and the Dice and Jaccard coefficients were used to compare the results with those of other methods. The qualitative and quantitative results of the proposed algorithm verify the success of the proposed algorithm. This method improved 3–4% over that of the previous methods which had showed the best results.