1403/03/31
حسن تقوی جلودار

حسن تقوی جلودار

مرتبه علمی: دانشیار
ارکید:
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی
اسکاپوس:
دانشکده: دانشکده علوم دریایی و محیطی
نشانی:
تلفن: 01135302922

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
Stocks Status of Kilka in Iranian Waters of the Caspian Sea
نوع پژوهش
JournalPaper
کلیدواژه‌ها
Overfished biomass threshold, Fishing effort ratio, Fishing mortality proxy, Kilka, Caspian Sea
سال
2013
مجله environmental resources research
شناسه DOI
پژوهشگران Hasan Fazli ، Hassan Taghavi Jelodar

چکیده

The present study considered the situation of kilka stocks using overfished biomass threshold, fishing effort ratio and fishing mortality proxy during 1991-2010. The CPUE index of anchovy kilka and mixed-species (three species of Kilka) indicated no overfishing from 1991 to 2000. In 2000, the CPUE ratio neared the “in danger” region, and subsequently fell into the “overfished” region from 2001 to 2007 for both anchovy and mixed-species of kilka. The CPUE ratios of common kilka have been in an overfished state during 1991-2003. During 2008-2010 the biomass increased and the CPUE ratio of common kilka and mixed-species upgraded to non-overfished region. The control rule of anchovy kilka showed that overfishing was occurred from 1998 to 2010, and overfishing-effort was exceeded the overfishing threshold (MFMT) by 12-66%. The trajectory of the phase-plot of biomass proxy (CPUE ratio) and fishing mortality proxy (effort ratio) of anchovy kilka showed that the status of the fishery of anchovy kilka has generally reduced since 1998 and collapsed to the lowest level in 2010. The trajectory for common kilka has generally increased since 1991 getting close to the fisheries management target in 2007. In conclusion, in the new condition, common kilka is the main species in the Caspian Sea. For stock recovery of anchovy kilka, the catch of three species of kilka must be restricted during reproduction periods, and also, a coordinated international effort should be put into effect.