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Abbass Ghanbabri-Niaki

Abbass Ghanbabri-Niaki

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences
Address:
Phone: 01135302218

Research

Title
Effects of exercise on reverse cholesterol transport: A systemized narrative review of animal studies
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCs)Cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1)Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr)Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1)Paraoxonase-1 (PON1)Reverse cholesterol transport (RCTr)
Year
2019
Journal Life Sciences
DOI
Researchers david robert broom ، Hossein Shirvani ، Saleh Rahmati-Ahmadabad ، Abbass Ghanbabri-Niaki

Abstract

Aims: Reverse Cholesterol Transport (RCTr) is the mechanism by which excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues is transported to the liver for hepatobiliary excretion, thereby inhibiting foam cell formation and the development of atherosclerosis. Exercise affects RCTr, by influencing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) through remodeling and by promoting hepatobiliary sterol excretion. The objectives of this systematized review of animal studies is to summarize the literature and provide an overview of the effects of chronic exercise (at least two weeks) on apolipoproteins (Apo A-I, Apo-E), Paraoxonase-1 (PON1), ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCA1, ABCG1, ABCG4, ABCG5, ABCG8), scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1). Materials and methods: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar) were searched for eligible studies conducted from the earliest available date to August 2018. Key findings: Most of studies investigate the effects of low to moderate intensity aerobic training on RCTr elements. The majority were on exercised rats undertaking moderate intensity aerobic training. Significance: Thisreviewhighlightsthatmoderateintensityandlonger-termtraininghasagreatereffectonRCTr elements than low intensity training. There a few studies examining high intensity training which warrants further investigation