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Yaghoob Foroutan

Yaghoob Foroutan

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Address: Department of Social Sciences, The University of Mazandaran Babolsar, Mazandaran Province, IRAN
Phone: 01155242915

Research

Title
Women’s Dress Codes in the Islamic Republic of Iran: State’s Gender Ideology Representation
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Women, Dress Codes, Islamic Republic, Gender Ideology
Year
2021
Journal Gender Issues
DOI
Researchers Yaghoob Foroutan

Abstract

This article has presented research-based evidence here about the state’s representation on women’s dress codes in the Islamic context in order to contribute filling the research gap in the existing knowledge: While a large body of the literature confirms the substantial diversity of the Islamic dress codes overwhelmingly explained as a consequence of the state’s socialization mechanisms across the Muslim world, it still lacks more fresh research findings to support the explanation. The field of this study is the Islamic Republic of Iran whose state holds an absolute power on educational system. The socialization theory recognizes educational system and its resources as the first official agent and one of the most powerful engines of socialization process. According to the research findings of this analysis, the most visible observation is the ubiquitous presence of dress codes, suggesting that women are unexceptionally represented by some kind of dress code throughout the educational resources. Moreover, women’s body appearance has been more restrictively covered in the religious textbooks and in the higher grades, where women’s images are also more significantly colored in dark and black. In conclusion, these research findings echo a revolutionary bombardment of the state’s gender ideology whose social perceptions are distinctively and comprehensively discussed in the author’s other article.