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Ali Akbar Ashkarran

Ali Akbar Ashkarran

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
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Education: PhD.
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Phone: 01135302485

Research

Title
Electrospun CuO-ZnO nanohybrid: Tuning the nanostructure for improved amperometric detection of hydrogen peroxide as a non-enzymatic sensor
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Electrospinning ZnO-CuO nanofibers Hydrogen peroxide Non-enzymatic sensor Amperometry
Year
2019
Journal JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE
DOI
Researchers Sahar Daemi ، Shahram Ghasemi ، Ali Akbar Ashkarran

Abstract

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a by-product of some biochemical processes which is catalyzed by enzymes such as glucose oxidase (GOx), cholesterol oxidase (ChoOx), etc and its overproduction in living cells can trigger cancer growth and various diseases. Therefore, H2O2 sensing is of great importance in the determination of diseases as well as industries and environmental health plans. We produced ZnO-CuO nanofibers by electrospinning method for non-enzymatic electrochemical H2O2 sensing. The sensing properties of the carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with ZnO (0.3 wt%)/CuO (0.7 wt%) nanofibers (named as ZnO3-CuO7) for detection of H2O2 were explored in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at pH  7.4 solution. The ZnO3-CuO7 nanofiber exhibited the lowest charge transfer resistance and the highest electrocatalytic performance among other modified electrodes for detection of H2O2 and considered as an optimized sample. The effect of scan rate and H2O2 concentration in the reduction process were also investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and the mechanism for the electrochemical reaction of H2O2 at the surface of the optimized electrode was studied. The diffusion coefficient of H2O2 and the catalytic rate constant were evaluated by chronoamperometry as 1.65 10-5 cm2 s-1 and 6 103 - cm3 mol-1 s -1 , respectively. Furthermore, amperometric detection of H2O2 with a low detection limit of 2.4 mM and a wide linear range of 3 to 530 mM were obtained. Meanwhile, the optimized electrode displayed no recognizable response towards some biomolecules such as ascorbic acid, uric acid, dopamine and glucose. The obtained results confirmed that the modified electrode shows high sensitivity and selectivity as a H2O2 biosensor with improved reproducibility and stability