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Ali Akbar Ashkarran

Ali Akbar Ashkarran

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
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Phone: 01135302485

Research

Title
The Effect of FeCl3 in the Shape Control Polyol Synthesis of Silver Nanospheres and Nanowires
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Silver NWs  Iron(III) chloride  Shape control  Characterization
Year
2015
Journal JOURNAL OF CLUSTER SCIENCE
DOI
Researchers Ali Akbar Ashkarran ، Maryam Derakhshi

Abstract

Morphologically controlled nanostructures have been increasingly important because of their strongly shape dependent physical and chemical properties. This study discusses the effect of FeCl3 concentration over synthesis of silver nanospheres and nanowires (NWs) by reducing silver nitrate (AgNO3) with ethylene glycol through a simple polyol method and using poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as capping agent. X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were performed in order to find the structural and geometrical features of silver nanostructures. XRD analysis confirmed formation of metallic silver phase and microscopic studies revealed formation of NWs with average diameters ranging from 50 to 100 nm. Different concentrations of ferric chloride (FeCl3) are used to control the morphology and shape changes of primary silver seeds. A mixture of silver nanospheres and NWs are formed at 0.05 mM concentration of FeCl3 while increasing the concentration of FeCl3 to 0.1 mM lead to formation of silver NWs. Moreover, an increase in the concentration of FeCl3 from 0.1 to 0.3 mM results in reduction of aspect ratio of silver NWs. Furthermore, more increase in FeCl3 concentration from 0.3 mM results again in formation of semi spherical shapes silver nanostructures.