January 29, 2023
Abbass Ghanbabri-Niaki

Abbass Ghanbabri-Niaki

Degree: Professor
Address:
Education: Ph.D in Exercise Physiology
Phone: 01135302218
Faculty: Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences

Research

Title Effects of exercise on reverse cholesterol transport: A systemized narrative review of animal studies
Type Article
Keywords
ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCs)Cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1)Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr)Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1)Paraoxonase-1 (PON1)Reverse cholesterol transport (RCTr)
Journal Life Sciences
DOI 10.1016/j.lfs.2019.03.058
Researchers Saleh Rahmati-Ahmadabad (First researcher) , david robert broom (Second researcher) , Abbass Ghanbabri-Niaki (Third researcher) , Hossein Shirvani (Fourth researcher)

Abstract

Aims: Reverse Cholesterol Transport (RCTr) is the mechanism by which excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues is transported to the liver for hepatobiliary excretion, thereby inhibiting foam cell formation and the development of atherosclerosis. Exercise affects RCTr, by influencing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) through remodeling and by promoting hepatobiliary sterol excretion. The objectives of this systematized review of animal studies is to summarize the literature and provide an overview of the effects of chronic exercise (at least two weeks) on apolipoproteins (Apo A-I, Apo-E), Paraoxonase-1 (PON1), ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCA1, ABCG1, ABCG4, ABCG5, ABCG8), scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1). Materials and methods: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar) were searched for eligible studies conducted from the earliest available date to August 2018. Key findings: Most of studies investigate the effects of low to moderate intensity aerobic training on RCTr elements. The majority were on exercised rats undertaking moderate intensity aerobic training. Significance: Thisreviewhighlightsthatmoderateintensityandlonger-termtraininghasagreatereffectonRCTr elements than low intensity training. There a few studies examining high intensity training which warrants further investigation