2024 : 5 : 23
Zahra Karimi Moughari

Zahra Karimi Moughari

Academic rank: Associate Professor
Education: PhD.
Faculty: Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences
Address: Babolsar , Daryakenar
Phone: 01135302555


Full Employment and Social Justice
Employment, Developing Countries, Developed Countries , Social Justice
Researchers Zahra Karimi Moughari


In the past three decades, agriculture has expanded very rapidly and the main source of irrigation has been underground water in Iran. Mistaken policies regarding extraction of underground water and inefficient supervision on the loans that were allocated for renovation of irrigation system were the main reasons behind the water crisis in Iran. In the same time, the country faced the problem of accelerating unemployment and underemployment, especially in dry lands and drought-stricken regions. With rising poverty and malnourishment, crimes and social problems grew very rapidly; and conserving water and land and creating job opportunities became the most important priorities. Farming return is generally low, and private firms do not want to run the risk investing in agricultural activities. Public works program is an effective means to prevent agricultural problems from becoming a catastrophe. Projects such as providing water delivery systems, drainage, sewage, and sanitation, with direct involvement of local communities, are the useful ways to generate employment opportunities and avoid poverty and its social consequences. Public works schemes can mitigate the threat of expanding water crisis and revitalize the agricultural sector through government investment and direct involvement of local beneficiaries.