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mahmood tajbakhsh

mahmood tajbakhsh

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Chemistry
Address: /Faculty of chemistry- University of Mazandaran- Babolsar- Iran
Phone: 09111146981

Research

Title
Discovery of a tetracyclic indole alkaloid that postpones fibrillation of hen egg white lysozyme protein
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Indole alkaloids Molecular dynamic simulation Neurodegenerative diseases β-Sheet
Year
2021
Journal International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
DOI
Researchers hossein ashrafian ، elaheh hadi zadeh ، mahmood tajbakhsh ، nabeela majid ، Gopal Srivastava ، Rizwan HassanKhan

Abstract

Protein aggregation, such as amyloid fibril formation, is molecular hallmark of many neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Prion disease. Indole alkaloids are well-known as the compounds having the ability to inhibit protein fibrillation. In this study, we experimentally and computationally have investigated the anti-amyloid property of a derivative of a synthesized tetracyclic indole alkaloid (TCIA), possessing capable functional groups. The fibrillation reaction of Hen White Egg Lysozyme (HEWL) was performed in absence and presence of the indole alkaloid. For quantitative analysis, we used Thioflovin T binding assay which showed ~50% reduction in fibril formation in the presence of 20 μM TCIA. Using TEM imaging, we observed a significant morphological change in our model protein in the presence of TCIA. In addition, we exploited FT-IR assay by which Amide I peak's shifting toward lower wavenumber was clearly observed. Using Molecular Docking, the interaction of the inhibitor (TCIA) with the protein's amyloidogenic region was modeled. Also, different biophysical parameters were calculated by Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation. Various biochemical assays, conformational change, and hydrophobicity exposure of the protein during amyloid formation indicated that the compound assists HEWL to keep its native structure via destabilizing β-sheet structure.