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Sara Saei ِDibavar

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
Education: PhD.
Faculty: Department of literature
Address: University of Mazandaran
Phone: 01135302695


Café as a Dual Space in Marguerite Duras's Moderato Cantabile
Marguerite Duras’s Moderato Cantabile, Bourgeoisie, Michel Foucault, Panopticon, Desire
Journal Journal of Applied Linguistics and Applied Literature: Dynamics and Advances
Researchers Sanaz Saei Dibavar ، Sara Saei ِDibavar


This article examines the dual role of the café in instigation, development, and termination of the public display of transgressive desire in Margaret Duras’s (1958) Moderato Cantabile. To approach Duras’s narrative this way, we draw on Michel Foucault’s (1977) theories concerning Panopticon to bring into light the socially imposed codes and the method of their implementation. Duras’s mode of expression, we intend to discuss, brings to the reader’s attention the dominance of the silent social gaze in each transgressive scene between the two characters. Despite its laconism, therefore, Moderato Cantabile reveals the omnipresent and active bourgeois codes that are interwoven to the very fabric of the bourgeoisie. The effective operation of these codes, set through discourses of truth and power, is guaranteed through the Panopticon present in public spaces like the café, whose dual nature enables it to allow for manifestation of desire on the one hand, and effective inspection and containment of the situation (by imposing norms) on the other.