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Fatemeh Roodbari

Fatemeh Roodbari

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Science
Address: University of Mazandaran
Phone: 01135302424

Research

Title
New Insight into Vitamins E and K1 as Anti-Quorum-Sensing Agents against Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antivirulence compounds, biofilm, vitamin E, vitamin K
Year
2021
Journal ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY
DOI
Researchers Sadaf Soltani ، Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz ، Farzin Hadizadeh ، Fatemeh Roodbari ، Vahid Soheili

Abstract

Today, antivirulence compounds that attenuate bacterial pathogenicity and have no interference with bacterial viability or growth are introduced as the next generation of antibacterial agents. However, the development of such compounds that can be used by humans is restricted by various factors, including the need for extensive economic investments, the inability of many molecules to penetrate the membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, and unfavorable pharmacological properties and cytotoxicity. Here, we take a new and different look into two frequent supplements, vitamin E and K1, as anti-quorum-sensing agents against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a pathogen that is hazardous to human life and responsible for several diseases. Both vitamins showed significant anti-biofilm activity (62% and 40.3% reduction by vitamin E and K1, respectively), and the expression of virulence factors, including pyocyanin, pyoverdine, and protease, was significantly inhibited, especially in the presence of vitamin E. Cotreatment of constructed biofilms with these vitamins plus tobramycin significantly reduced the number of bacterial cells sheltered inside the impermeable matrix (71.6% and 69% by a combination of tobramycin and vitamin E or K1, respectively). The in silico studies, besides the similarities of chemical structures, reinforce the possibility that both vitamins act through inhibition of the PqsR protein. This is the first report of the antivirulence and antipathogenic activity of vitamin E and K1 against P. aeruginosa and confirms their potential for further research against other multidrug-resistant bacteria.