2024 : 5 : 31
Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi

Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Address:
Phone: 01135342654

Research

Title
Relationship of social capital with overweight and obesity among female health care workers
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Overweight, Obesity, Social capital, Female workers, Iran
Year
2019
Journal caspian journal of internal medicine
DOI
Researchers Mojgan Firouzbakht ، Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi ، Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki ، Abbas Ebadi ، َAram Tirgar ، Maryam Nikpour

Abstract

Background: The epidemic of obesity has turned into a major global health challenge. Environmental and social factors such as social capital, can significantly affect obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship of social capital with overweight and obesity among female health-care workers. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018 on 680 female health-care workers who were randomly selected from healthcare settings affiliated to Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and the Workplace Social Capital (WSC) questionnaire. The SPSS Version 21 was employed to analyze the data through conducting the independent-sample t and the chi-square tests as well as the linear and the logistic regression analyses at a significance level of less than 0.05. Results: Linear regression analysis revealed that age, marital status, satisfaction with economic status, and structural social capital were significant predictors of body mass index (P<0.05). Moreover, logistic regression analysis indicated that weak social capital increased the odds of overweight/ obesity by 1.3 times (OR=1.345; 95% CI: 0.643–2.812) and weak structural social capital significantly increased the odds of overweight /obesity by almost four times (OR=3.757; 95% CI: 1.628–8.671; P=0.002). Conclusion: Social capital, particularly structural social capital, is a significant predictor of body mass index and a protective factor against obesity among female health-care workers. Further studies are needed to determine the paths through which social capital affects obesity- and overweight-related behaviors.