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Morteza Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari

Morteza Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Technology and Engineering
Address:
Phone: 35305107

Research

Title
Density functional theory study of adsorption properties of non-carbon, carbon and functionalized graphene surfaces towards the zinc and lead atoms
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Graphene; DFT; Adsorption; Functionalization; Heavy metal atoms
Year
2018
Journal Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
DOI
Researchers Amin Hamed Mashhadzadeh ، Morteza Ghorbanzadeh Ahangari ، Akram Salmankhani ، mostafa Fathaliyan

Abstract

In the current study, we Investigated the adsorption properties of zinc (Zn) and lead (Pb) atoms on the surface of carbonic and non-carbonic graphene using Density functional theory calculations. The procedure for this research can be divided into two sections. First, we calculated the adsorption value of single zinc and lead atoms with such non-carbonic graphene-like structures as Boron-Nitride (BN), Aluminum-Nitride (AlN), GalliumNitride (GaN), Silicon-Carbide (SiC), and Silicene. We found that the silicene was more powerful to detect the stated heavy metal atoms compared with others. The calculated adsorption values between the single zinc and lead atoms with silicene monolayer sheet were equal to −0.90 eV and −3.80 eV, respectively. We also used electron transfer calculations after adsorbing the stated heavy metal atoms and found that the calculated charge transfer was equal to 0.42 and 0.12 electrons for Silicene/Pb and Silicene/Zn complex, respectively. The density of states (DOS) results demonstrated that a strong hybridization could occur between the Pb atom and the silicene graphene. Then, we performed DFT calculations to determine the interaction energy between the mentioned metal atoms with pristine carbonic graphene. We found that the interaction in graphene/Zn (−0.09 eV) and graphene/Pb (−0.45 eV) was so weak, especially for graphene and zinc. To overcome this issue, we first activated the surface of graphene by carboxyl and hydroxide group. The interaction energy values between the zinc and lead atoms with graphene-COOH were approximately −0.18 eV and −1.01 eV, respectively, which showed improvements in the adsorption energy. Then, we approached the mentioned metal atoms on the surface of eOH-decorated graphene and demonstrated that the interaction energy between the single zinc and lead atoms with graphene-OH were about −0.78 eV and −3.33 eV. In other words, it improved by 755% and 623% compared with graphene/Zn and graphene/Pb, respectively. The stro