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Fatemeh Elmi

Fatemeh Elmi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Marine and Oceanic Sciences
Address:
Phone: 01135305124

Research

Title
Superhydrophilic/Superoleophobic Mesh/Chitosan‑MnO2 Membrane for Robust and Highly Efficient Separation of Oil‑in‑Water Emulsions
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Oil-in-water emulsion · Mesh · Chitosan-MnO 2 · Superhydrophilic · Superoleophobic · Fouling resistance
Year
2023
Journal Water Air Soil Pollution
DOI
Researchers Fatemeh Elmi ، Fatemeh Hosseini Valookolaee ، Mojtaba Shokrollah Zadeh Taleshi

Abstract

In this study, in order to separate oil-inwater emulsions, superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic membrane was prepared, and its fouling resistance during oil-in-water separation was evaluated. Chitosan (derived from shrimp shells)- MnO 2 was deposited on the mesh surface by dip coating. The coated membrane was characterized using ATR-FTIR, FE-SEM, water contact angle (WCA), and underwater oil contact angle (OCA) analyses. The results showed that underwater superoleophobicity and superhydrophilicity were achieved successfully. The superhydrophilicity of the chitosan-MnO2- coated membrane was confirmed by WCA = 0. The underwater superoleophobicity of the coated mesh was verified by OCA= 163.5°. The filtration results show that the prepared membrane can separate a wide range of oil-in-water emulsions with separation efficiency≥ 99%. The separation efficiency was maintained for thirty cycles. The permeation flux across the membrane was calculated. The flux for n-decane in water emulsion is 190.0 l m2 h−1. Antifouling properties of the chitosan-MnO 2-coated membrane wereevaluated using dead-end filtration. Also, application of classical models revealed that the fouling mechanism is cake filtration for chitosan-MnO 2-coated mesh. The fabricated membrane with chitosan-MnO 2 has significant efficiency in separating oil in water from oily effluents.