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Niaz Monadi

Niaz Monadi

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId:
Faculty: Faculty of Chemistry
Address:
Phone: 01135302508

Research

Title
Photo-electrochemistry of metallic titanium/mixed phase titanium oxide
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
PhotocatalystTitaniumTitanium oxideExcitation energyWater splitting
Year
2021
Journal INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
DOI
Researchers Sara Amouzad ، Mehdi Khosravi ، Niaz Monadi ، Behzad Haghighi ، suleyman I Allakhverdiev ، Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour

Abstract

In this study, the effect of potassium hydroxide concentration in anodization bath, anodization time, and calcination temperature on the photo-electrochemical behavior of metallic titanium/mixed phase titanium oxide is investigated. Further, the phase structure of a titanium oxide photocatalyst prepared on a titanium electrode through a high-voltage anodization method is examined. The study exploits photo-electrochemical, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy attenuated total reflectance (FTIR–ATR), X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopic methods to obtain better insights into the mechanism of mixed-phase titanium oxide formation. In this regard, the photo-electrochemical properties of the photocatalysts prepared in single excitation energy, violet light (410 nm), were investigated. The anodization time and the potassium hydroxide concentration in the anodization bath have significant effects on the photo-electrochemical properties of the photocatalysts. The experiments show that the effect of potassium hydroxide concentration is a function of the anodization potential applied, demonstrating different patterns as the anodization potential changes. Furthermore, FTIR-ATR, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopic studies reveal that the extended anodization times decrease the population of OH-containing groups, leading to lower photo-electrochemical performance. On the other hand, the formation of anatase phases becomes more favorable only in the extended anodization times before application of the calcination process. Additionally, the calcination temperature has a significant impact on the anatase to rutile ratio. Finally, increasing potassium hydroxide concentration leads to the formation of an amorphous titanium oxide layer. It can be concluded that the obtained information might have a significant impact on the preparation of titanium oxide and other metal oxide photocatalysts through the high voltage anodization process.